It was first climbed by a French party in 1955. The peak was first mapped and photographed from the Tibetan side by the 1921 British Everest reconnaissance. Hillary and Shipton photographed Mt. Makalu on the 1951 Everest reconnaissance. Hillary and others approached the peak a year later after the failure of their mount Cho Oyu expedition.The first attempt on Mt. Makalu was made in 1954 by a US team, mostly from California, who trekked all the way from the Indian border near Biratnagar. At the same time, a British team approached the mountain, but this expedition was abandoned when Hillary became seriously ill and had to be evacuated.
Makalu ExpeditonIn the autumn of 1954 a French team attempted the peak once more. In the following spring, successful ascents were made by three teams of French climbers on successive days. The Japanese climbed mount Makalu in 1970, another French team climbed it in 1971 and a Yugoslav expedition reached the summit in 1975.
Makalu West Face
It is a very adventurous route to climb because it is challenging too. Five attempts had already been made before successfully climbing Mount Makalu. The West Face was successfully scaled in 1997. The Russian expedition had taken the route of this West Face of mount Makalu, leaded by Sergey Efimov and climbed the top on 21st of May via the most difficult route. The last part of the route had gone on Parago ridge. Alexei Bolotov, Yuri Ermachek, Dmitri Pavlenko, Igor Bugachevski and Nikolai Jiline had climbed on the top of mount Makalu at this time For this ascent they were awarded the "Gold ice-axe."
The Routes (Four Parts)
Bottom part of the route starts from the base of the West Face at 5,800 meters and climbs to the hanging ice-fall at 6100 meters to the right part of the ice-fall. The second part extends from the plateau above the ice-fall along 35 to 45 degree elevation's rock up to the 6,500 meters high. The next section is an ice-rock wall, 50 to 55 degrees steep & that extends to 7400 meters in height. The final section begins 70 to 75 degree elevation's rock pillar, which leads to the west ridge at 8,000 meters height till to the top of the summit.
Ropes are typically fixed from 5800m to 6100m and from 6500 m to 7500m. Camps established by the Russian Team were at the following locations.
The French Route on the West Pillar is an aesthetically stunning line that has been seldom attempted. It is an exceedingly difficult, a very steep pillar that was first successfully ascended in 1971. The crux of the line comes at approximately 7,600m in the area of the Seignior Wall.
The first US team to summit was in 1980, they scaled via this West Pillar Route. The team was made up of Jim States, John Roskelley, Kim Momb and Chris Kopczynski. They topped on the summit without the use of oxygen or Sherpa support.
Day 01: Arrival Kathmand & transfer to hotel
Day 02: Prepare Expedition
Day 03: Expedition Briefing in Ministry of tourism
Day 04: Fly to Tumlingtar & drive Num
Day 05: Num- Seduwa
Day 06: Seduwa - Tashigaun
Day 07: Tashigaun - Khongma La (Danda)
Day 08: Khongmadanda - Mumfuk
Day 09: Mumfuk -Yangle Kharak
Day 10: Yangle Khark -Merak
Day 11: Merak -Sersung (half day rest) for acclimatize
Day 12: Sersung - Makalu Base camp
Day 13 - 42: Climbing Period for Makalu (8463m)
Day 43: Makalu BC - Mumbuck
Day 44: Mumbuck - Khongma La (Danda)
Day 45: Khongma La - Seduwa
Day 46: Seduwa - Chichila
Day 47: Chichila - Tumlingtar
Day 48: Fly to Kathmandu & transfer to hotel
Day 49: Kathmandu
Day 50: Final Departure